GLOBAL ALLIANCE OF WASTE PICKERS
GLOBAL ALLIANCE OF
WASTE PICKERS
The Global Alliance of Waste Pickers is a networking process supported by WIEGO, among thousands of waste picker organizations with groups in more than 28 countries covering mainly Latin America, Asia and Africa.
Supported by Logo WIEGO

Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Waste Pickers


# 1. Recommendations for Waste Pickers and their organizations against Coronavirus

Background

This document is meant to provide ideas for how waste pickers and other waste workers can protect themselves and advocate for safer working conditions in the face of COVID-19.  The recommendations in this document are based on the feedback and advocacy content of dozens of waste picker organizations from around the world, reports on COVID-19 treatment and management, recommendations by the World Health Organization, as well as advice from epidemiologists 1 on select issues for which there may be controversy (such as usage of face masks).

Representatives of the Global Alliance of Waste Pickers has attempted to validate and improve recommendations made by waste picker groups through a review of available literature on COVID-19, and has included in this document deeper discussions on issues such as mask use and the survival length of COVID-19 on surfaces so that waste picker organizations can make the most informed decisions possible for their workers and workplaces.  This document is intended primarily as a resource for waste picker organizations, but is also useful more generally for other entities involved with waste collection of materials that are potentially contaminated by COVID-19.

Disclaimer

Research on the transmission of COVID-19 is still in its infancy and we will be updating these recommendations as we learn more.  Where we have made recommendations based on incomplete data, we have tried to cite the different arguments and findings and have erred on the side of caution by deferring to the most conservative information available.  In general, we advise that workers and organizations follow the advice of their national health authorities.

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses which cause illness in humans and animals. In December, 2019 a highly contagious coronavirus was discovered in Wuhan, China that causes the disease COVID-19. In just a matter of months, COVID-19 has spread around the world and been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. COVID-19 poses a significant threat to people, especially waste workers and others who may be exposed to the virus through their work.

People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.  Ongoing research is being conducted around the world to better understand how COVID-19 is spread 2.

Everyone is at risk of contracting the disease, but certain people are at high risk of becoming seriously ill and even dying from it.  Older people (65+), and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems, immunodeficiencies, obesity, kidney or liver problems, respiratory problems like asthma, or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.  Pregnant women may also be high risk 3.

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually 4. Loss of taste and smell may also be a symptom 5.  Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms.  People without symptoms, and even who never get symptoms, can transmit the virus to others.

If you have a fever, cough or difficulty breathing, isolate yourself and promptly seek medical advice by calling your doctor or local hospital. Calling in advance of going to a hospital will ensure you are directed to the correct facility.

How waste pickers can protect themselves against Covid-19

 

General advice for all people

Avoid places with many people, remain at least 1 meter (3 feet) 6 away from other people, and stay at home as much as possible. Some countries advice a distance of 2 meters (6 feet) 7. In closed spaces, new advice is to remain a minimum of 4.5 meters (15 feet) of distance from each other 8.
Frequently wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, and wash all parts of the hand. Wash your hands: upon returning home, before and after eating or smoking, after touching shared objects (including money), after sneezing or coughing, before and after touching your face.
Use sanitary gel with at least 70% alcohol 9, or straight 70%+ isopropyl alcohol, when hand washing is not possible. Sanitary gel only works if hands are not too dirty or greasy.
Regularly disinfect frequently used surfaces and objects like cell phones.
Do not greet people with handshakes, kisses and hugs.
Avoid touching your face. Wash your hands before and after touching your face
Avoid sharing anything that touches the face including drinking glasses, straws, pillows, towels, smoking devices, etcetera.
Cough or sneeze into the inside of your elbow, or into a tissue and immediately dispose of the tissue. Wash your hands immediately after sneezing or coughing.
Remove shoes and potentially contaminated clothing before entering your home.
Avoid eating food that someone in your household has not prepared.
Drink plenty of clean water, eat healthy foods, and get plenty of sleep to keep your immune system strong.
If you have been exposed to anyone who was diagnosed with COVID-19, quarantine yourself for at least 15 days and inform others who may have also been exposed.
Self-isolate by staying at your residence if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache, low grade fever (37.3 C / 99.1 F or above) and slight runny nose, until you recover. If it is essential for you to have someone bring you supplies or to go out (to buy food for example), then wear a mask to avoid infecting other people.
Keep updated on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely) and, if possible, avoid traveling to those places– especially if you are high risk.

Additional advice for waste workers

People in high risk groups should not go to work. All others should work alone or in small groups maintaining at least 1 meter (3 feet) of distance from each other. If workers are in groups, maintain the same groups day after day so that if someone falls ill with COVID-19 it will be easier to identify and quarantine others who were exposed.
Assume that any recyclable or waste materials that you are handling may be contaminated by the virus. Coronaviruses are believed to live on surfaces for up to 9 days 10.
Avoid exposure to fumes or dust from waste materials, especially when waste is being dumped or compacted 11.
Workers with long hair should tie their hair back to avoid contaminating their face.
Wear gloves when working, but be aware that your gloves can easily contaminate surfaces and spread COVID-19 if not handled properly. Avoid putting your gloves in your pocket (better to store them in a designated plastic bag). Never touch your gloves to your face.
Wash hands with soap and water before and after collection routes and any time you remove your gloves.
Have a minimum 70% alcohol solution with you to sanitize hands when water and soap are not available.
Try to work in well-ventilated places only.
Regularly clean commonly touched surfaces with at least 70% alcohol or soap and water 12.
Use work gear, including gloves, and cover your skin and hair as much as possible while working. Remove clothing (including shoes) and gear before entering your home.
Shower after finishing your route and wash your collection clothes and gear daily.
Do not sort materials meticulously and avoid touching and sorting materials that indicate illness, such as tissues, masks, containers for medications like cough syrup, etcetera, or that appear to be marked as hazardous. Avoid picking through materials you can’t properly see.
Establish systems of communication with your colleagues so that people can be informed if someone falls ill or needs assistance.
Establish protocols for if a worker is diagnosed with COVID-19.

Face masks: to wear them or not to wear them?

There is a great deal of conflicting information about the effectiveness of wearing face masks to protect people from COVID-19, largely because masks can easily become contaminated and may actually increase one’s risk of exposure 13. They may also give the wearer a false sense of security.  At the present time these should only be used by healthcare workers. Most casual users have not been trained in the proper handling and fit of respirators, and most people who wear these cannot achieve a good facial seal at the mask edges. They also commonly contaminate the inside of the mask or their hands by touching the outside of the mask. Also, wearing a beard will prevent a person from getting an adequate facial seal.

Respirators like n95 or n99 face masks can protect people from contracting COVID-19 if they are exposed to an infected person as long as the mask is clean and fits snugly around the face.  Respirator masks are in extremely short supply and should ideally be reserved for medical workers. Note that air purifying respirators with an exhalation valve might expel droplets from a cough or sneeze through the exhalation valve and so should not be worn by persons suspected of being infected.

Non-respirator face masks such as cloth masks and disposable medical masks are generally considered to be helpful when worn by a sick person to reduce the probability of them exposing others.  They are not considered helpful in protecting the wearer from contracting COVID-19 from another person, since virus particles from a cough or a sneeze can float through the air and enter around the edge of the mask. They may reduce exposure but do not guarantee protection from all airborne material.  It is unclear whether COVID-19 particles that have contaminated a surface can become airborne on a dust particle and inhaled, as might occur when contaminated waste produces dust when moved or compacted.

Consider wearing a mask while working if all of the following apply:

  • You are exposed to dust or air from waste while on the job and/or you are in close contact with other people while on the job
  • The mask creates a seal around your face
  • You are careful to never touch the front of the mask
  • You only place and remove the mask by touching the ear straps
  • You wash your hands with soap or hand sanitizer before and after touching mask
  • You are able to dispose of the mask after use
  • You can replace the mask when it becomes wet

Don’t wear a mask:

  • If you cannot dispose of the mask after use.
  • If the mask may have become contaminated

Advocacy

Ask your cooperative, association or employer:

  • To systematize COVID-19 infection prevention measures at the workplace, including systems of coordination so that workers can be informed if one of their workmates falls ill or needs assistance.
  • To post updated information about COVID-19 and how your city is responding.
  • To provide handwashing stations with clean water and liquid soap at the work site.
  • To provide sanitary gel and protective gear for workers.
  • To keep the work space well ventilated and to regularly sanitize commonly used surfaces.
  • To guarantee compensation for workers who become sick from COVID-19; who are forced to remain at home to care for children out of school or infected people; or who must avoid work because they qualify as high-risk.

Ask residents:

  • To separate waste in the way that your organization deems safest for your workers.  Many cooperatives are advising that households separate waste into three categories: organic waste, dry waste, and hazardous waste (which includes bathroom waste and anything that may be contaminated with COVID-19).  Some cooperatives have launched campaigns asking residents to mark hazardous waste with a big red dot or some standard mark. Many places are asking that potentially hazardous waste be sealed in two plastic bags and set aside for at least 72 hours before placing it out for collection.
  • To help workers with outdoor access to soap and water for handwashing, and share other resources that waste pickers may be lacking.
  • To thank their local waste pickers for the services they are providing.

Ask leaders and government officials:

  • To fund and provide access to protective gear (masks & gloves), supplies for hygiene (public hand washing stations with soap and water 14, hand sanitizers), and health guidelines for informal workers.
  • To support waste pickers in their requests to households and businesses.
  • To ensure that household waste collection continues throughout the crisis so that the community doesn’t suffer from additional infectious diseases.
  • To ensure sufficient and rapid access to free COVID-19 testing and treatment.
  • To fund educational outreach and distribution of supplies to communities without proper access to clean water and hygiene facilities.
  • To make urgent arrangements to direct funds towards Living Cash Grant to all informal workers, regardless of nationality and tax filing status.
  • To include the representation of organised workers in the informal economy in national and local discussions on economic and sanitary responses to COVID-19.
  • To acknowledge waste pickers as front line workers deserving of special support and recognition.

Things are changing very quickly as COVID-19 spreads around the world, including in the waste management sector.  Many cities are suspending the collection of certain materials like bulky waste and recyclables 15.  Many cities are asking residents to seal potentially contaminated waste in one or two plastic bags and dispose of it with regular residential waste.  In England households where there may be a positive COVID-19 case are being asked to confirm a negative test result before disposing of possibly contaminated waste 16. If the test result is positive, some countries are asking residents to wait 72 hours before placing waste in communal waste collection bins.  Waste drop-off sites are being shut down in many places, as are programs to collect recyclables. Where materials collection has been delayed or suspended, residents are being asked to seal and store it at home in a place away from people and animals.

Overall, the advice seems to be that essential mixed waste collection services must continue so as not to create an outbreak of additional infectious diseases on top of COVID-19, but that less critical services, such as the collection of recyclable materials (which are usually cleaner than other waste), may be suspended or delayed.  Our advice is that if waste pickers who are not providing essential mixed waste collection services can afford to skip work and stay at home, then they should. Where waste collection must continue, all efforts must be made to restrict face to face contact between people, to securely wrap potentially contaminated waste, and for waste pickers to demand authorities to address worker safety and economic security.

This document will be updated periodically as the COVID-19 pandemic unfolds. If you have information to contribute to this work, please send it to: cuidar@wiego.org and to info@globalrc.org. More information about Cuidar project. Icons and images used are part of Cuidar project.


#2. Shared experiences from Waste Pickers Oganizations around the world against Coronavirus (COVID-19) ⬆️

Check in other languages (not yet translated) how other organizations are dealing with the COVID-19 crisis:

 

#3. Send your recommendation. How is your organization dealing with Coronavirus? ⬆️

Dear waste picker groups and allies around the world,

In recognition of the urgent need to protect waste pickers against COVID-19 virus, we would like to collect and share recommendations for how waste pickers are protecting their health while maintaining their livelihoods. We are requesting information from you regarding the types of recommendations that waste pickers and their organizations have for occupational protection in the time of COVID-19 virus.

We plan to compile this information from around the world, have it reviewed by doctors within our network to ensure that we are not spreading any risky advice, and then share strategies and recommendations with our network of waste picker organizations. If you have some recommendations or strategies to share with us, please do so as soon as you can.

It would be helpful to know the following information:

  • Name of your organization and contact information.
  • Location of your organization.
  • Type of services provided (door to door collection, informal picking, dumpsite picking, etc).
  • Strategies that waste picker have for protecting themselves.
  • Recommendations and training/outreach strategies that your organization is providing to waste pickers.
  • Are you making any requests to residents to dispose of their waste differently right now?
  • Specific challenges you are facing in the face of covid19.
  • Specific requests your organization is making to the government or others regarding the protection of waste pickers or informal workers more generally.

You can reply to this message with your response or leave a comment in the page dedicated to this globalrec.org/covid19 in our website.

Thank you and sending health and solidarity to you all.

The Global Alliance of Waste Pickers

Materials received

Notes:

  1. WIEGO’s Cuidar project in Brazil, which has focused on the mapping of waste pickers’ health risks in the workplace, engaged with experts in epidemiology and labor medicine from the University of Brasília and the Health Foundation of Minas Gerais to elaborate recommendations for waste pickers.
  2. WHO https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “People who are at higher risk for severe illness” https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/specific-groups/people-at-higher-risk.html
  4. WHO https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  5. CNN https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/23/health/coronavirus-symptoms-smell-intl/index.html
  6. WHO https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public
  7. CDC https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/php/risk-assessment.html
  8. South China Morning Post https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3074351/coronavirus-can-travel-twice-far-official-safe-distance-and-stay
  9. CDC https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/cleaning-disinfection.html
  10. G.Kampfa, D. Todt, S.Pfaender, E.Steinmannb. Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. Journal of Hospital Infection Volume 104, Issue 3, March 2020, Pages 246-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.01.022
  11. Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN, Tamin A, Harcourt JL, Thornburg NJ, Gerber SI, Lloyd-Smith JO, Wit E, Munster VJ (2020). Aerosol and surface stability of HCoV-19 (SARS-CoV-6 2) compared to SARS-CoV-1. medRxiv 2020.03.09.20033217. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.09.20033217
  12. National Geographic https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/03/why-soap-preferable-bleach-fight-against-coronavirus/
  13. C Raina MacIntyre, Holly Seale, Tham Chi Dung, Nguyen Tran Hien, Phan Thi Nga, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Bayzidur Rahman, Dominic E Dwyer, Quanyi Wang. A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers. BMJ Open. 2015; 5(4): e006577. Published online 2015 Apr 22. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006577.
  14. G.Kampfa, D. Todt, S.Pfaender, E.Steinmannb. Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. Journal of Hospital Infection Volume 104, Issue 3, March 2020, Pages 246-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.01.022
  15. https://www.wastedive.com/news/recycling-mrfs-prison-labor-suspensions-coronavirus-covid-19/574301/
  16. https://www.acrplus.org/en/municipal-waste-management-covid-19#great-britain

4 Comments

  1. Le Coeur Samuel (Amelior, Montreuil, France)

    • Name of your organization and contact information. AMELIOR
    • Location of your organization. Montreuil
    • Type of services provided (door to door collection, informal picking, dumpsite picking, etc). door to door collection, informal picking, formal and informal markets
    • Strategies that waste picker have for protecting themselves: gloves, mask, washing hands
    • Recommendations and training/outreach strategies that your organization is providing to waste pickers. yes
    • Are you making any requests to residents to dispose of their waste differently right now? yes
    • Specific challenges you are facing in the face of covid19.: gouvernemental decision to stay confined at home. no rights to get out since Tuesday at 12.00.( no works no money, no money no food) we are now in contact with each waste picker to Know their situation.
    • Specific requests your organization is making to the government or others regarding the protection of waste pickers or informal workers more generally. We tell to our municipality of Montreuil that we can help with our truck and employees to act in solidarity. Maybe we can help them to pick up savage deposit, with the roadmap of SUEZ, companie who have the public service delegation for collect.

      Comment by Le Coeur Samuel — March 17, 2020 @ 7:59 am

    • Simon Mbata (SAWPA, Sout African Waste Picker Association)

      My greetings to all of you my dear comrades.

      Hope you all well. Comrades things are getting worse in the case of the CORONA virus. As waste Pickers, the backbone of the recycling industry we will be the most affected when the spread hits our places. Economically while we still suffering the impacts of plastic imports and exports banning the virus will make the conditions worse as most economies will fall, the recycling industriy also will be impacted.
      I urge all leaders to stand up and call upon our governments, private sector and civil society leaders and organizations to fundraise, fund, assist and work with waste Pickers to ensure waste Pickers have access to sanitizers.
      Let’s call upon our governments to phase out the mixed waste systems and demand mandatory separation of waste from household.
      Let’s call ZERO WASTE to landfills.

      The South African Waste Pickers Association is releasing a media statement tomorrow. We hope all leaders and organizations in their respective countries will also release media statements on behalf of the waste workers, the backbone of the recycling economy. Aluta.

      Comment by GlobalRec — March 19, 2020 @ 1:20 pm

    • Johnson Doe (Kpone Waste Picker Association, Ghana)

      Great, waste pickers in Accra Ghana, based at Kpone landfill are seriously tackling this virus, The leadership of the organization is preparing to provide hand sanitizers and protective equipment,such as nose mask and gloves also a hygienic water for the group.
      Even though the site was currently shut down, we are still mobilizing to engage in preventing our selves and our families from this virus. We also agree not to have any general meeting for the next six weeks till further notice. No request yet for the residents, education in ongoing on our own level and we are also engaging other pickers to speak one voice to the government on this to also remember the informal sector in this case.

      Comment by GlobalRec — March 19, 2020 @ 1:23 pm

    • Hasiru Dala, Bangalore, India

      We are more worried about Cholera breakout in Bangalore than Covid at this point of time at the community. Here’s what we are doing:

      1. Staff are asked to take care of them self and those who feel their immunity level is low, they may not go to field to work, many other instructions as we have given others

      2. With the help of the doctor who conduct our regular health Camps and with the staff, we have identified the communities that are more vulnerable because of their bad water source and bad toilet facility or lack of it. We starting door to door awareness to those communities. We are using the government media material.
      We are trying to find nearest R.O water points near their area.

      3. DWCC we have taken care of workers awareness about discarded masks, gloves etc..

      4. Trying to bring awareness to citizens how to discard used materials

      5. Bringing out communication materials for the community that will help them to understand easily. update from Bangalore.

      More info in Pinky Chandran Facebook.

      Comment by GlobalRec — March 19, 2020 @ 1:45 pm

    Leave a comment